SERVICEClinical Testing for Hematology


HematologyHematology introduction

The testing utilizes the latest technologies to provide the most accurate results.

Hematology is a discipline concerned with the production, function, and disorders of blood cells and blood proteins.

Blood is a liquid consisting of plasma (water, electrolytes, nutrients, waste products, and many soluble proteins) in which red cells, platelets and a variety of white cells are suspended. Its volume is about 70 mL/kg or about 5L total in an average size adult. 40-50% of blood volume is occupied by red cells.

Important proteins in the blood are:  Albumin, which contributes a large portion of the oncotic pressure of plasma.·  Immunoglobulins (antibodies), which combat infection·  A number of proteins involved in the clotting cascade.·

The cellular components of blood include:  Red blood cells (RBC, about 5 x 106· / µL), which carry oxygen to tissues  Platelets (about 250,000 / µL), which facilitate clotting.·  White blood cells (WBC, about 5,000 / µL), which fight infection.

WBC can be further· subdivided into neutrophils, lymphocytes (T, B, and natural killer [NK] cells), monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils (listed in order of typical frequency).

One of the most common tests ordered by all medical specialties is the complete blood count, or CBC.

The clinical laboratory uses an analyzer that functions both as a spectrophotomer and a flow cytometer. This instrument can determine the concentration (count) of RBC, platelets and WBC, the hemoglobin (Hgb) concentration, and the mean size of the red cells (MCV). The flow cytometer can accurately distinguish and count the various types of WBC, which it reports as a “differential”. The hematocrit (Hct), which represents the percentage of blood volume occupied by red cells, is calculated from the RBC count and the MCV.

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LIST OF ALLFrequently Asked Questions

What Is Anemia?

Anemia is a condition where there is a reduced number of red blood cells. This can be due to either decreased or ineffective production, or a shortened life span. Anemias can either be inherited or acquired as part of some disease.

Why Do Children Bleed?

Prevention of bleeding is a complex interaction of platelets, the inner lining of veins and capillaries and proteins called coagulation factors. Bleeding can be caused by a reduced number or function of the platelets and coagulation proteins and can be inherited or acquired. Blood tests that measure the number and quality of the platelets and proteins can usually predict the risk and severity of bleeding and can provide insight into how to treat it.

If I Need A Blood Or Platelet Transfusion Where Do I Get It?

The transfusions need to be given in the hospital.

Where is animal testing safe?

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