Cytopathology is a branch of pathology that deals with manifestations of disease at the cellular level. This is a field that is gaining tremendous momentum all over the world due to its speed, accuracy and cost effectiveness.
2. As a screening tool; For eg, Pap smear for cervical cancer screening
3. As a follow-up for different diseases once an initial diagnosis has been made
4. For determination of different prognostic factors in cancer diagnosis
ADVANTAGES OF USING CYTOPATHOLOGY:
· Cost effective
BRANCHES OF CYTOPATHOLOGY
The samples represent cells that exfoliate from superficial or mucosal surfaces. This includes:
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC)
A Pap test (also known as a Pap Smear) is a test for cervical cancer. It is one of the most important gynecology tests a woman should have on a regular basis to keep healthy. In an examination room, the doctor gently swabs a tiny sample of cells from the patient’s cervix (the opening of the uterus). The sample is then sent to a lab to test for any abnormal cells. Abnormal cells do not mean the patient has cervical cancer, but further tests may be needed.
All women ages 21-29 years old should get a Pap Test every 3 years. Women 30-65 should get a PAP Test and HPV Test every five years or a PAP Test alone every three years. Women over 65 do not need a PAP screening.