SERVICEClinical Testing for Biochemistry


BiochemistryClinical Biochemistry Tests

The testing utilizes the latest technologies to provide the most accurate results.

Clinical biochemistry is a clinical and diagnostics subject, which aims to put forward, improve and use standard diagnostic methods, to monitor disease development and treatment by biochemical methods.

Clinical chemistry uses chemical processes to measure levels of chemical components in body fluids. The most common specimens tested in clinical chemistry are blood and urine. Many different tests exist to test for almost any type of chemical component in blood or urine. Components may include blood glucose, electrolytes, enzymes, hormones, lipids (fats), other metabolic substances, and proteins.

Description of some of the most common clinical chemistry tests (used on blood and urine specimens), including some of the uses and indications:

  • Blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels indicate how the body handles glucose. Measuring glucose levels after fasting (when the patient has not eaten anything for 8 hours) can help diagnose diabetes or hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
  • Electrolytes include sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium. Measuring electrolytes can specifically indicate certain metabolic and kidney disorders.
  • Enzymes are released into the blood by organs that are damaged or diseased. The type of enzyme released can indicate which organ is affected.

Information, obtained by biochemical methods help to evaluate the development of pathological process at the molecular, cellular, and organ level. It is essential for early diagnosis of a disease and also assessment of its therapeutic efficacy. Clinical biochemistry helps to make a diagnosis, choice of treatment and prophylactic methods are easier.

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Clinical Chemistry
Clinical biochemistry is a clinical and diagnostics subject, which use standard diagnostic methods,
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LIST OF ALLFrequently Asked Questions

Did Not Fast For A Fasting Test. Can I Have My Blood Drawn Anyway?

Because certain test results may be influenced by what you eat or drink, we prefer that you do not have your blood drawn if your tests were ordered as fasting.

Can I Have Coffee If I Am Having A Fasting Test?

No, you can only have clear water prior to a fasting test for 12-14 hours, or for the time period that your healthcare provider has instructed.

Do I Need An Appointment For Lab Tests?

No, you do not need to make an appointment.

How Are Specimens Taken?

For blood tests, First, the skin over the vein is cleaned with alcohol or an antiseptic. Next, a tourniquet is wrapped around the upper arm to enlarge the veins in the lower arm by restricting blood flow through them. A small needle is gently inserted into a vein and the tourniquet is removed. Blood flows from the vein through the needle and is collected in a syringe or blood tube. After the needle is taken out, the puncture site is covered for a short time to stop any bleeding. You will be told how to collect urine samples, stool, sputum, semen, or other specimens that can be collected at home.